What does this measure?
The number of deaths broken down by race/ethnicity, expressed as a rate per 100,000 population.
Why is this important?
Mortality rates are a measure of the overall health of a community, which is affected by a wide variety of factors, including genetics, lifestyle, economic status and other societal influences including structural racism.
How is Westchester County performing?
African Americans in Westchester County had the highest mortality rate in 2016-18, at 611 per 100,000 people, higher than whites (543), Hispanics (381) and Asians (266). Rates among all race/ethnicities in Westchester County were lower than New York State rates.
Compared with similar counties, Westchester had the highest morality rate among African Americans, higher than Nassau (588), Rockland (478) and Putnam (457); the second highest rate among Asians behind Nassau (307); the third highest rate among Hispanics behind Rockland (443) and Nassau (395); and the lowest rate among whites.
Why do these disparities exist?
Except at the very oldest ages, African Americans have the highest death rates of any of America's racial and ethnic groups. Much of this can be attributed to inequalities in economic status, education and occupation -- all of which are related to the risk of mortality. Structural racism drives several key social determinants of health, such as lower levels of income and generational wealth; less access to healthy food, water and public spaces; environmental damage; and the stress of prolonged discrimination. Black Americans receive less and lower-quality care for conditions like cancer, heart problems, pneumonia, prenatal and maternal health, and overall preventive health.
Notes about the data
Rates are age-adjusted, meaning adjusted to account for differences in age distributions across geographies.
|Asian or Pacific Islander||Black||Hispanic||White||Total|
|New York State||334.4||685.9||480.2||652.5||628.0|
Notes: 100,000 population, age-adjusted
All Health Indicators
- All Indicators
- All Children Youth Indicators
- All Community Indicators
- All Demographics Indicators
- All Economic Security Indicators
- All Education Indicators
- All Health Indicators