Economic Security
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

Median household income, inflated to 2020 dollars, broken down by race/ethnicity. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of households. Examining income for different racial and ethnic groups is important as a measure of inequity.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2016-20, median incomes in Westchester County were highest among Asian and white residents, at $137,800 and $115,900, respectively, and lowest among Hispanic and African American residents, at $69,100 and $64,100, respectively. All groups saw increases in median income from 2000 to 2016-20 after adjusting for inflation, with the highest increase among Hispanic earners (8%), followed by African Americans (5%).

Though Westchester's incomes in all groups were higher than the state and national levels, racial disparities were also higher due to the significantly larger incomes for whites. For example, African American incomes in Westchester were 55% of white incomes for the state and nation they were 63-64%. The median income for African Americans in Westchester County was significantly lower than those in Putnam ($119,700), Nassau ($105,300), and Rockland ($81,300). Among Hispanics, Westchester was on par with Rockland at $69,200, and below Nassau at $95,900, and Putnam at $93,000.

Incomes were lower for all groups in Yonkers: $100,000 for Asians, $76,200 for whites, $59,000 for African Americans, $55,200 for Hispanics.

Why do these disparities exist?

These large and persistent disparities in income are the result of historic and current policies and practices that disadvantaged people of color. Research has connected slavery and the inability of black Americans (even after emancipation) to fully participate in economic life to the wealth and income gaps still present today. Structural racism perpetuated by policies and practices that systematically disadvantage African American and Latino communities include inequitable education, low wages, job and wage discrimination, lack of access to capital, and globalization. Even when a recovery from the current economic crisis occurs, it is not expected to make up for the pre-existing racial disparities experienced over time unless policies are enacted to address these gaps.

Notes about the data

The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census.

Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County$137,780$64,124$69,118$115,931
Nassau County$142,408$105,331$95,890$124,300
Putnam County$113,500**$119,699$92,964$108,894
Rockland County$137,298$81,269$69,244$99,034
New York State$78,925$51,060$52,643$79,252
Mount Vernon$125,129***$53,597$61,316**$78,786
New Rochelle$114,803*$66,418$70,801$101,520
Peekskill$84,522***$50,490*$55,996$75,303
Rye City$127,418**N/A***$176,596**$203,992
White Plains$115,313*$61,833$69,745$116,008
Yonkers$99,847$59,055$55,169$76,246
Westchester County Towns
Bedford$250,001N/A***$74,017$132,083
Cortlandt$137,679**$105,859***$90,641$115,652
Eastchester$58,790***$78,629$87,396**$135,298
Greenburgh$154,063$95,827$91,563*$134,008
Harrison$178,173**$97,974$72,012***$131,346
Lewisboro$111,573**N/A***N/A***$169,348
Mamaroneck$203,170*N/A***$96,000$155,675*
Mount Kisco$106,042***$91,771***$69,589**$87,041*
Mount Pleasant$149,402*$67,438***$73,750*$140,348
New Castle$233,494N/A***N/A***$250,001
North Castle$250,001N/A***$67,745*$181,447
North Salem$157,546*N/A***$96,810*$148,092
Ossining$119,107**$76,888$75,517$111,705
Pelham$230,179*$92,639***$146,066**$172,500
Pound Ridge$206,579**N/A***N/A***$209,013
Rye$186,354***$85,683**$69,788$104,424
Scarsdale$250,001N/A***N/A***$250,001
Somers$222,232*$101,218$250,001$132,984
Yorktown$189,861*$137,434**$146,467$129,675
Westchester County Villages
Ardsley$225,568*$250,001$198,500**$158,769
Briarcliff Manor$174,808***N/A***$250,001$175,962
Bronxville$106,400***N/A***$133,125***$169,000*
BuchananN/A***$139,537***N/A***$108,875
Croton-on-Hudson$189,038***$223,550***$67,083**$137,264
Dobbs Ferry$250,001$97,200***$98,688***$144,663*
Elmsford$121,000$117,893$82,556*$94,565*
Village of Harrison$178,173**$97,974$72,012***$131,346
Hastings-on-Hudson$146,250***N/A***$67,548**$140,714*
Irvington$144,543**N/A***$67,361**$146,995*
Larchmont$203,125***N/A***$111,250***$211,583*
Village of Mamaroneck$121,847***$87,067*$82,117*$108,302
Village of Mount Kisco$106,042***$91,771***$69,589**$87,041*
Village of Ossining$135,694***$66,900*$73,270$97,828
Village of Pelham$205,913$56,969*$92,188***$158,157
Pelham Manor$250,001N/A***$158,409$189,267
Pleasantville$166,974*N/A***N/A***$160,536
Port ChesterN/A***$57,232***$69,093$86,875
Rye Brook$210,625***$132,778***$116,868$149,241*
Village of Scarsdale$250,001N/A***N/A***$250,001
Sleepy HollowN/A***$64,457*$68,929**$103,694*
Tarrytown$100,938***$110,536*$95,888***$119,440*
Tuckahoe$46,131$78,277***$81,654**$114,352

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2020 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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