Economic Security
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Census

What does this measure?

The number of homeless people at a given point in time (usually one night in January), per 10,000 residents.

Why is this important?

The extent of homelessness can be an indicator of a community's ability to provide stable jobs that pay a living wage as well as measures of support for the unemployed and access to affordable housing and health care. Homelessness is related to larger issues such as poverty, employment, mental health, substance abuse, and family violence. The way a community cares for its more vulnerable citizens is a marker of collaboration and its social support systems.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2022, Westchester counted 913 homeless African American people, for a rate of 27.1 per 100,000 residents, nearly ten times higher than the rate for Whites, at 2.8, and more than triple the rate for Hispanics, at 7.8.

Westchester's rates for all groups were well below state and national rates; however, its rate for African Americans was higher than Nassau and Suffolk (26.2), as well as Rockland (4.3). Its rate for Hispanics was higher than Rockland (3.3), and than Nassau and Suffolk (6.0).

Why do these disparities exist?

The inequity of homelessness is a result of long-standing historical and systemic racism that continues to perpetuate disparities in critical areas that impact rates of homelessness such as employment, poverty, housing discrimination and segregation, incarceration, and access to quality mental and physical health care.

Notes about the data

Figures represent point-in-time counts. It is very difficult to obtain an exact count of homeless persons, due to transience and to limited resources for record-keeping. Comparable data presented for available counties are currently limited to point-in-time counts done on one night in January. Data are not available for Putnam County, and Nassau and Suffolk data are combined in the available data.

HUD asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Homeless Persons by Race/Ethnicity, 2022
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County0.227.17.82.8
Nassau, Suffolk Counties0.126.26.02.4
Rockland County0.04.33.31.0
New York State2.173.133.06.2

Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Census
Notes: Rate is per 10,000 residents. Figures represent point-in-time counts.




Total Homeless Persons by Race/Ethnicity, 2022
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County3913407403
Nassau, Suffolk Counties31,7276871,087
Rockland County0384453
New York State79451,03625,54516,787

Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Census
Notes: Figures represent point-in-time counts. HUD asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care 0
Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Single Female-Headed Households -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate -1
Decreasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Reported Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles 0
Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone -1
Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs 1
Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Income in Relation to Poverty Level 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Seniors Living in Poverty 1
Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 0
Maintaining
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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