Health
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: New York State Department of Health

What does this measure?

The number of deaths due to chronic lower respiratory disease (CRLD) broken out by race/ethnicity, expressed as an age-adjusted rate per 100,000 population.

Why is this important?

Chronic lower respiratory disease comprises three major diseases: chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, and is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2016-18, whites and African Americans in Westchester County had the highest mortality rates from chronic lower respiratory disease at 22 and 21 per 100,000, respectively. Hispanics had the third highest rate (13 per 100,000) followed by Asians (5 per 100,000). Westchester County's rate for African Americans was on par with the state, while its rates for all other race/ethnicities were below state rates.

Compared to similar counties, Westchester had the highest morality rate from chronic lower respiratory disease among African Americans, larger than Rockland (18) and Nassau (12); the third highest rate among Asians and Hispanics, and the lowest rate among whites.

Why do these disparities exist?

Inequalities in economic status, education and occupation put some populations more at risk of many of the health behaviors and social determinants of health associated with chronic lower respiratory disease, such as tobacco smoking, indoor and outdoor air pollution, exposure to allergens and occupational agents, diet, obesity and physical inactivity.

Notes about the data

Rates are age-adjusted, meaning adjusted to account for differences in age distributions across geographies. Some data for Putnam County is not shown because the numbers are so low that the rate is considered unstable and not reported.

Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-18
Asian or Pacific IslanderBlackHispanicWhiteTotal
Westchester County5.420.512.721.520.2
Nassau County6.212.09.524.521.4
Putnam County0.00.014.727.126.3
Rockland County8.818.119.829.827.0
New York State9.120.415.133.128.3

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: 100,000 population, age-adjusted








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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