Children & Youth






Racial and ethnic disparities are evident across many indicators related to child well-being, starting with prenatal care and extending through child poverty and rates of single-parent families.

Early prenatal care helps ensure a healthy start in life. In Westchester County, 73%  of African American and 79% of Hispanic mothers received early prenatal care compared to 87% of white mothers.

Infant mortality, by contrast, is highest among African American babies, with 5.5 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016-18, followed by Hispanics at 4.0 and Asians at 3.6 – all above the rate for whites at 2.

Structural racism in the form of lower levels of access to prenatal care, lower levels of adequate health insurance, discrminatory treatment by health care providers, and the racism that expectant mothers experience in their daily lives at work and in their neighborhoods are all factors contributing to these disparities.

Poverty rates are 2-3 times as high for children of color in Westchester County. In 2016-20, 16% of Hispanic children and 17% of African American children in were living in poverty, compared to 6% of both white and Asian children.

Higher rates of single parenthood can be one factor contributing to poverty. In 2016-20, 65% of African American families were headed by single parents, as were 43% of Hispanic families, 24% of white families and 15% of Asian families.

Current and historic policies have placed particular strain on African American and Hispanic families, including criminal justice and incarceration policies, disinvestment in communities of color, ineffective and/or underfunded schools and discrimination in the job market.

Other child well-being indicators include:

Lead poisoning: In 2018, 0.3% of children tested in Westchester County had elevated blood lead levels, a decline of 75% since 2000.

Child care: In 2020, just 1%  participated in subsidized child care – a declining level and below the 2.7% rate statewide.

Disengaged youth: In 2016-20, 4% of Westchester County youth were neither working nor in school, lower than the state and nation (6% and 7% respectively) and lower than 2000 when the rate was 8%.





INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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