Children & Youth
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

The number of single-parent families with children under 18, as a percent of all families with children under 18 and reported by various racial and ethnic groups.

Why is this important?

Single-parent families may experience more stress and economic strain than dual-parent households with two incomes. Children in these families can be at risk of poorer health and educational outcomes. However, children may also have opportunities to build resilience and experience a larger community through the support of extended family and friends.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2016-20, the share of families in Westchester County headed by single parents was 65% among African American families, 43% among Hispanic families, 24% among white families and 15% among Asian families. All racial and ethnic groups in Westchester saw increases of single-parent families from 2000 to 2016-20.

Across racial and ethnic groups, Westchester County had lower proportions of families headed by single parents than in the state as a whole. Rates for Asian, African American, and Hispanic families in 2016-20 were higher in Westchester County than the surrounding counties of Rockland and Nassau, with the largest differences coming among African American families (50% in Rockland, 15 points lower than Westchester, and 54% in Nassau, 11 points lower than Westchester).

Why do these disparities exist?

Racial and ethnic disparities in rates of single parenthood have several possible causes, including current and historic policies that have placed particular strain on African American families, incarceration rates among men of color, economic stress, as well as broader changes in social attitudes about gender roles, marriage and single parenthood.

Notes about the data

The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County15%65%43%24%
Nassau County12%54%40%22%
Putnam County11%***13%***28%*30%
Rockland County12%**50%34%19%
New York State19%67%52%33%
Mount Vernon14%***70%65%*42%***
New Rochelle9%***61%*31%*25%*
Peekskill0%***69%**51%*36%**
Rye City7%***63%***36%***18%*
White Plains37%***62%*32%*26%*
Yonkers13%***67%51%34%
Westchester County Towns
Bedford0%***25%***35%***15%**
Cortlandt23%***70%***29%**23%*
Eastchester18%***17%***52%***20%*
Greenburgh23%**62%*47%*26%
Harrison2%***15%***25%***13%**
Lewisboro41%***N/A***0%***18%**
Mamaroneck0%***65%***30%***26%*
Mount Kisco0%***0%***38%***19%***
Mount Pleasant22%***70%***38%**23%*
New Castle20%***50%***100%***15%**
North Castle0%***17%***31%***18%**
North Salem44%***0%***35%***4%***
Ossining17%***76%***28%*25%*
Pelham5%***48%***43%***22%*
Pound Ridge27%***100%***N/A***11%***
Rye20%***0%***41%*32%*
Scarsdale10%***66%***42%***8%**
Somers0%***N/A***11%***22%*
Yorktown0%***55%***27%***24%*
Westchester County Villages
Ardsley19%***0%***39%***4%***
Briarcliff Manor11%***100%***0%***24%**
Bronxville0%***N/A***31%***16%**
Buchanan100%***0%***0%***23%***
Croton-on-Hudson0%***29%***42%***29%**
Dobbs Ferry77%***67%***46%***29%**
Elmsford0%***56%***55%***51%***
Village of Harrison2%***15%***25%***13%**
Hastings-on-Hudson0%***N/A***0%***23%**
Irvington0%***N/A***31%***10%***
Larchmont0%***0%***0%***18%***
Village of Mamaroneck0%***0%***38%***35%*
Village of Mount Kisco0%***0%***38%***19%***
Village of Ossining0%***73%***30%**30%*
Village of Pelham0%***66%***30%***24%**
Pelham Manor15%***0%***68%***20%***
Pleasantville0%***N/A***0%***14%***
Port Chester92%***0%***41%*38%*
Rye Brook0%***0%***40%***30%***
Village of Scarsdale10%***66%***42%***8%**
Sleepy Hollow0%***100%***48%**43%***
Tarrytown0%***100%***46%***22%***
Tuckahoe30%***0%***70%***27%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County1,30114,13615,47917,532
Nassau County2,54712,52813,64723,425
Putnam County32***61***543*3,113
Rockland County254**2,7842,8145,218
New York State37,906273,553256,609452,856
Mount Vernon21***3,9001,382*466***
New Rochelle50***1,478*941*1,158*
Peekskill0***682**883*307**
Rye City16***20***78***387*
White Plains176***538*784*870*
Yonkers186***4,7906,2443,260
Westchester County Towns
Bedford0***17***238***223**
Cortlandt38***455***339**918*
Eastchester97***29***179***747*
Greenburgh311**1,163*960*2,018
Harrison12***15***139***415**
Lewisboro44***0***0***286**
Mamaroneck0***218***206***933*
Mount Kisco0***0***243***196***
Mount Pleasant66***152***495**978*
New Castle66***89***66***325**
North Castle0***8***70***250**
North Salem27***0***26***18***
Ossining48***198***433*660*
Pelham10***76***88***323*
Pound Ridge14***18***0***56***
Rye54***0***1,306*1,227*
Scarsdale65***66***125***176**
Somers0***0***38***477*
Yorktown0***224***216***858*
Westchester County Villages
Ardsley24***0***24***18***
Briarcliff Manor6***24***0***218**
Bronxville0***0***20***129**
Buchanan38***0***0***38***
Croton-on-Hudson0***10***70***301**
Dobbs Ferry144***74***148***404**
Elmsford0***118***140***119***
Village of Harrison12***15***139***415**
Hastings-on-Hudson0***0***0***212**
Irvington0***0***20***73***
Larchmont0***0***0***136***
Village of Mamaroneck0***0***320***743*
Village of Mount Kisco0***0***243***196***
Village of Ossining0***122***418**405*
Village of Pelham0***76***40***175**
Pelham Manor10***0***48***148***
Pleasantville0***0***0***109***
Port Chester54***0***1,105*725*
Rye Brook0***0***87***361***
Village of Scarsdale65***66***125***176**
Sleepy Hollow0***80***429**315***
Tarrytown0***148***189***164***
Tuckahoe28***0***99***219***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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