Economic Security
Public Assistance

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Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis

What does this measure?

Income to individuals from governmental support programs (including Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Medicaid, unemployment and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program), expressed on a per capita basis.

Why is this important?

Per capita income from governmental programs is one measure of a region's overall poverty and need for support. It takes into account not just the number of individuals with low incomes, but also the average level of poverty experienced.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2020, Westchester County received approximately $3,300 in public assistance income per resident. This was less than New York State as a whole, at $4,800, but more than the nation, at $2,900. Westchester received less public assistance per resident in 2020 than Rockland with $3,900, but more than Nassau with $2,800 and Putnam with $1,900.

Between 2001 and 2020, public assistance per resident in Westchester County increased 37% (after adjusting for inflation), the same as the statewide increase but below the 64% increase nationally. The increase in Westchester County was less than all three comparison counties: Rockland (76%), Nassau (59%), and Putnam (50%).

Notes about the data

Figures are in constant 2020 dollars. This data is from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Eligibility requirements for many public assistance programs vary from state to state. Families are eligible for temporary assistance benefits for up to 60 months, although most receive assistance for shorter periods.

Public Assistance Per Resident
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Westchester County$2,438$2,694$2,750$2,888$2,710$2,750$2,803$2,735$2,971$3,024$3,053$2,989$2,965$3,124$3,343$3,355$3,818$3,243$3,547$3,339
Nassau County$1,756$1,897$1,987$2,171$2,103$2,136$2,131$2,042$2,264$2,381$2,436$2,382$2,457$2,570$2,769$2,784$3,190$2,695$2,959$2,795
Putnam County$1,279$1,391$1,444$1,507$1,426$1,365$1,489$1,422$1,587$1,572$1,574$1,494$1,535$1,655$1,783$1,813$2,100$1,765$1,953$1,920
Rockland County$2,226$2,469$2,485$2,669$2,599$2,658$2,753$2,796$3,176$3,313$3,416$3,454$3,494$3,623$3,884$3,920$4,463$3,788$4,160$3,921
New York State$3,486$3,859$4,003$4,259$4,053$4,080$4,066$4,004$4,432$4,533$4,520$4,354$4,330$4,394$4,701$4,741$5,381$4,607$5,030$4,760

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.




Public Assistance
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Westchester County2,270,899,1972,519,022,2812,573,778,3412,701,381,2582,529,520,3842,561,146,6692,616,232,6762,563,475,8162,805,418,2532,870,695,8252,919,647,0532,868,201,3212,859,903,9343,021,350,7983,238,377,8653,255,414,2113,701,882,1063,140,252,5703,431,821,8943,354,108,000
Nassau County2,348,415,3562,541,332,6812,661,613,7312,905,088,3952,801,595,2822,830,442,3392,816,944,6992,706,383,6573,016,449,7633,190,260,7533,279,803,7093,214,358,8073,322,126,8243,481,842,9723,751,522,8653,774,586,8754,329,949,6313,659,146,4304,015,766,1303,901,514,000
Putnam County124,093,371136,647,604142,890,397149,904,866141,959,092135,580,505148,133,979141,513,431158,171,996156,655,572157,116,717148,854,032152,814,443164,571,987176,887,360179,058,560207,554,554174,401,388192,023,089187,480,000
Rockland County646,944,201725,145,551736,055,671794,059,276776,431,675795,775,784830,431,533853,922,554980,141,8441,032,502,2571,077,555,5411,095,597,2361,115,667,9761,163,551,8801,254,337,4591,267,241,8841,448,844,2931,233,189,2151,355,406,6621,326,444,000
New York State66,520,895,08373,846,135,49576,755,716,11581,655,196,58377,543,900,93977,956,133,94577,796,365,74576,934,198,99585,574,093,37787,848,801,59188,129,099,47985,225,692,15984,982,679,44086,346,180,64792,390,869,82893,075,371,317105,418,737,72089,979,647,77697,849,201,19596,159,032,000

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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