Children & Youth
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels

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Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health

What does this measure?

The number of children under age 6 with blood lead levels 10 micrograms per deciliter or higher as a proportion of those tested within the year (either with a finger stick or venous blood screening). Only children who did not previously have an elevated blood lead level are included in this measure.

Why is this important?

Exposure to lead, even small amounts, significantly increases a child's risk of developing long-lasting cognitive, physiological and behavioral problems.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2018, 0.3% of children tested in Westchester County had elevated blood lead levels, a decline of 75% since 2000. Westchester County's rate is slightly lower than the national rate of 0.4%, on par with the statewide and Putnam County rates, and slightly higher than the Rockland and Nassau rates of 0.2% and 0.1% respectively.

Notes about the data

It is important to note that not all children are tested for lead, despite a state law requiring them to be tested. Statewide, about two-thirds of children are tested between 9 and 18 months of age.

Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Westchester County1.2%1.1%0.8%0.7%0.6%0.6%0.5%0.6%0.4%0.3%0.4%0.4%0.3%0.6%0.4%0.3%0.4%0.4%0.3%
Nassau County0.7%0.5%0.6%0.5%0.4%0.2%0.3%0.3%0.2%0.3%0.2%0.2%0.2%0.2%0.2%0.1%0.1%0.1%0.1%
Putnam County0.5%0.5%0.5%0.4%0.2%0.4%0.2%0.3%0.2%0.1%0.1%0.1%0.1%0.1%0.2%0.1%0.0%0.5%0.3%
Rockland County1.0%1.0%0.7%0.9%0.8%0.3%0.4%0.4%0.3%0.4%0.3%0.4%0.2%0.5%0.4%0.1%0.2%0.2%0.2%
New York State0.7%0.6%0.5%0.5%0.5%0.4%0.6%0.5%0.4%0.4%0.4%0.3%

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health
Notes: Proportion of all children under 6 screened in a year and found to have elevated blood lead levels. Only children not previously identified with elevated lead levels are included.




Number of Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Westchester County3102812142011841631411511009311210884152103557210470
Nassau County1841551431061136485906883674955675326303046
Putnam County8998473532112131053
Rockland County60554656512231322734313722503911192524
New York State3,5393,0102,7172,9472,5752,3553,2052,6421,7871,9192,0871,772

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health
Notes: Number of all children under 6 screened in a year and found to have elevated blood lead levels. Only children not previously identified with elevated lead levels are included.








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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