Community
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

The type of transportation used on a daily basis by workers over the age of 16 who commute to work, expressed as a percentage of all workers who do not work at home, by race/ethnicity.

Why is this important?

Patterns of transportation usage impact environmental and transportation planning. These patterns may also reflect issues of poverty, location of employment, the availability and quality of public transit, local land use and environmental policies, or lifestyle choices of residents.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2016-20, white residents of Westchester County report the highest levels of driving alone to work (66%), versus public transportation (23%), carpooling (7%), or using another form of transportation, including motorcycles, bicycles, taxis or walking (5%). In comparison, African Americans and Asians had higher levels of public transportation use, 29% and 27% respectively. Asians and Hispanics report the highest levels of carpooling (11% and 14% respectively) and Hispanics report the highest level of another form of transportation at 11%.

The use of public transportation among all groups is higher in Westchester compared to the nation, but lower for all groups, except whites, compared to the state. Compared to Westchester, driving alone to work was more common among all races and ethnicities in both Nassau and Rockland counties.

Why do these disparities exist?

Historic and current policies and systems, from racist housing policies to employment discrimination to education systems that fail to equitably serve all populations, have prevented people of color from fully participating in our economy, locking them out of economic opportunity. This can result in less ability to afford a private vehicle. In addition, people of color tend to live in urbanized areas at higher rates, where public transit systems are more available.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). Data for this indicator are expected to be released annually in December.


Means of Transportation to Work by Race/Ethnicity
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Westchester County7%66%23%5%
Nassau County6%75%16%3%
Putnam County8%82%8%2%*
Rockland County9%78%7%6%
New York State7%66%19%8%
Rye City4%**52%39%5%**
White Plains5%*67%18%9%*
Yonkers9%62%23%5%
Mount Vernon13%**52%26%*9%***
New Rochelle9%64%20%7%*
Peekskill10%***72%17%**1%***
Westchester County Towns
Bedford7%**70%19%5%**
Cortlandt6%*72%19%2%*
Eastchester7%*62%29%3%*
Greenburgh6%62%28%4%*
Harrison5%*65%24%5%*
Lewisboro8%***75%13%*4%**
Mamaroneck7%**54%33%6%*
Mount Kisco8%***70%11%**11%**
Mount Pleasant6%*70%20%4%*
New Castle5%***68%26%2%***
North Castle7%***71%20%1%***
North Salem5%***75%17%**3%***
Ossining4%*73%20%4%**
Pelham4%***53%37%6%***
Pound Ridge4%***72%20%*3%***
Rye7%*68%20%4%**
Scarsdale1%***44%51%3%***
Somers7%*79%12%*1%***
Yorktown6%*84%8%*2%**
Westchester County Villages
Ardsley5%***67%*25%*3%***
Briarcliff Manor3%***67%28%*2%***
Bronxville4%***28%*58%9%**
Buchanan3%***82%15%*0%***
Croton-on-Hudson5%***59%31%*5%**
Dobbs Ferry8%**67%21%*4%**
Elmsford6%***89%*4%***0%***
Village of Harrison5%*65%24%5%*
Hastings-on-Hudson5%***57%37%*2%***
Irvington3%***52%*36%*9%***
Larchmont2%***50%*42%*5%***
Village of Mamaroneck9%**63%23%6%**
Village of Mount Kisco8%***70%11%**11%**
Village of Ossining4%**77%15%*4%***
Village of Pelham6%***50%35%9%***
Pelham Manor2%***56%*39%*2%***
Pleasantville9%***64%*23%**4%***
Port Chester8%**69%17%*6%***
Rye Brook4%***70%25%*1%***
Village of Scarsdale1%***44%51%3%***
Sleepy Hollow6%***54%*34%*6%***
Tarrytown5%***63%27%*5%***
Tuckahoe7%***64%*28%*1%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percent of those who do not work at home. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Workers by Means of Transportation, by Race/Ethnicity
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Westchester County18,093173,39059,11211,809
Nassau County25,619307,58166,40612,429
Putnam County3,04831,8713,299698*
Rockland County7,69168,9126,5995,604
New York State366,6873,660,3521,055,564442,395
Rye City182**2,5321,926267**
White Plains806*9,9232,6081,399*
Yonkers3,69225,9689,7312,196
Mount Vernon854**3,2631,651*558***
New Rochelle1,76912,3583,8191,289*
Peekskill460***3,221769**43***
Westchester County Towns
Bedford364**3,9161,054260**
Cortlandt861*10,0152,661295*
Eastchester797*7,4193,482331*
Greenburgh1,72317,1097,717966*
Harrison514*6,0642,283485*
Lewisboro381***3,765656*202**
Mamaroneck714**5,5443,381565*
Mount Kisco296***2,699440**405**
Mount Pleasant879*10,3942,961545*
New Castle300***4,2351,598100***
North Castle336***3,20189560***
North Salem93***1,279281**43***
Ossining411*7,9762,133383**
Pelham174***2,0791,447231***
Pound Ridge85***1,461409*67***
Rye896*8,8272,615565**
Scarsdale55***2,1992,527169***
Somers569*6,299952*116***
Yorktown882*11,6441,116*269**
Westchester County Villages
Ardsley60***851*317*37***
Briarcliff Manor97***1,908795*60***
Bronxville86***554*1,134173**
Buchanan22***584103*0***
Croton-on-Hudson145***1,700905*155**
Dobbs Ferry305**2,547810*164**
Elmsford63***902*43***2***
Village of Harrison514*6,0642,283485*
Hastings-on-Hudson162***1,8371,192*57***
Irvington67***1,141*778*199***
Larchmont50***1,054*874*113***
Village of Mamaroneck565**4,1391,489382**
Village of Mount Kisco296***2,699440**405**
Village of Ossining272**4,824927*252***
Village of Pelham132***1,090760189***
Pelham Manor42***989*687*42***
Pleasantville251***1,771*620**107***
Port Chester605**4,9231,184*438***
Rye Brook127***2,295803*40***
Village of Scarsdale55***2,1992,527169***
Sleepy Hollow140***1,328*842*140***
Tarrytown189***2,3701,012*183***
Tuckahoe156***1,399*620*28***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Means of Transportation to Work by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Westchester County7%66%23%5%
Nassau County6%75%16%3%
Putnam County8%82%8%2%*
Rockland County9%78%7%6%
New York State7%66%19%8%
Rye City4%**52%39%5%**
White Plains5%*67%18%9%*
Yonkers9%62%23%5%
Mount Vernon13%**52%26%*9%***
New Rochelle9%64%20%7%*
Peekskill10%***72%17%**1%***
Westchester County Towns
Bedford7%**70%19%5%**
Cortlandt6%*72%19%2%*
Eastchester7%*62%29%3%*
Greenburgh6%62%28%4%*
Harrison5%*65%24%5%*
Lewisboro8%***75%13%*4%**
Mamaroneck7%**54%33%6%*
Mount Kisco8%***70%11%**11%**
Mount Pleasant6%*70%20%4%*
New Castle5%***68%26%2%***
North Castle7%***71%20%1%***
North Salem5%***75%17%**3%***
Ossining4%*73%20%4%**
Pelham4%***53%37%6%***
Pound Ridge4%***72%20%*3%***
Rye7%*68%20%4%**
Scarsdale1%***44%51%3%***
Somers7%*79%12%*1%***
Yorktown6%*84%8%*2%**
Westchester County Villages
Ardsley5%***67%*25%*3%***
Briarcliff Manor3%***67%28%*2%***
Bronxville4%***28%*58%9%**
Buchanan3%***82%15%*0%***
Croton-on-Hudson5%***59%31%*5%**
Dobbs Ferry8%**67%21%*4%**
Elmsford6%***89%*4%***0%***
Village of Harrison5%*65%24%5%*
Hastings-on-Hudson5%***57%37%*2%***
Irvington3%***52%*36%*9%***
Larchmont2%***50%*42%*5%***
Village of Mamaroneck9%**63%23%6%**
Village of Mount Kisco8%***70%11%**11%**
Village of Ossining4%**77%15%*4%***
Village of Pelham6%***50%35%9%***
Pelham Manor2%***56%*39%*2%***
Pleasantville9%***64%*23%**4%***
Port Chester8%**69%17%*6%***
Rye Brook4%***70%25%*1%***
Village of Scarsdale1%***44%51%3%***
Sleepy Hollow6%***54%*34%*6%***
Tarrytown5%***63%27%*5%***
Tuckahoe7%***64%*28%*1%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percent of those who do not work at home. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Workers by Means of Transportation, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Westchester County18,093173,39059,11211,809
Nassau County25,619307,58166,40612,429
Putnam County3,04831,8713,299698*
Rockland County7,69168,9126,5995,604
New York State366,6873,660,3521,055,564442,395
Rye City182**2,5321,926267**
White Plains806*9,9232,6081,399*
Yonkers3,69225,9689,7312,196
Mount Vernon854**3,2631,651*558***
New Rochelle1,76912,3583,8191,289*
Peekskill460***3,221769**43***
Westchester County Towns
Bedford364**3,9161,054260**
Cortlandt861*10,0152,661295*
Eastchester797*7,4193,482331*
Greenburgh1,72317,1097,717966*
Harrison514*6,0642,283485*
Lewisboro381***3,765656*202**
Mamaroneck714**5,5443,381565*
Mount Kisco296***2,699440**405**
Mount Pleasant879*10,3942,961545*
New Castle300***4,2351,598100***
North Castle336***3,20189560***
North Salem93***1,279281**43***
Ossining411*7,9762,133383**
Pelham174***2,0791,447231***
Pound Ridge85***1,461409*67***
Rye896*8,8272,615565**
Scarsdale55***2,1992,527169***
Somers569*6,299952*116***
Yorktown882*11,6441,116*269**
Westchester County Villages
Ardsley60***851*317*37***
Briarcliff Manor97***1,908795*60***
Bronxville86***554*1,134173**
Buchanan22***584103*0***
Croton-on-Hudson145***1,700905*155**
Dobbs Ferry305**2,547810*164**
Elmsford63***902*43***2***
Village of Harrison514*6,0642,283485*
Hastings-on-Hudson162***1,8371,192*57***
Irvington67***1,141*778*199***
Larchmont50***1,054*874*113***
Village of Mamaroneck565**4,1391,489382**
Village of Mount Kisco296***2,699440**405**
Village of Ossining272**4,824927*252***
Village of Pelham132***1,090760189***
Pelham Manor42***989*687*42***
Pleasantville251***1,771*620**107***
Port Chester605**4,9231,184*438***
Rye Brook127***2,295803*40***
Village of Scarsdale55***2,1992,527169***
Sleepy Hollow140***1,328*842*140***
Tarrytown189***2,3701,012*183***
Tuckahoe156***1,399*620*28***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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