Education
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: New York State Education Department

What does this measure?

The percent of students tested who met or exceeded the state standard on the NYS Grade 3 English exam, broken down by students' race or ethnicity. Student performance is scored from level 1 to 4. The state standard is met by scoring at level 3 or 4 and is considered passing.

Why is this important?

Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2023, passing rates in Westchester County were higher for Asian and White students (75% and 69%, respectively) than for Hispanic and African American students (36% and 41%, respectively). Rates for both Asian and White students in Westchester were higher than the state rates of 65% and 50%, respectively, while the rates for Hispanic and African American students were comparable.

The gap between African American and Hispanic student passing rates compared to White rates was larger in Westchester than in the state and similar counties, except for Rockland County. Westchester's 28-point gap between African American and White student passing rates was slightly lower than Rockland County's 31-point gap, close to Putnam's 25-point gap, and significantly higher than the state's 12-point gap, and Nassau's 17-point gap. Similarly, the 33-point gap between Hispanic and White students in Westchester was lower than the 41-point gap in Rockland County, but higher than the state's 16-point gap, Putnam's 21-point gap, and Nassau's 25-point gap.

Gaps were lower in larger districts such as Yonkers City School District, with a 15-point gap between Hispanic and White students, and a 12-point gap between African American and White students. White Plains City School District had a larger gap between Hispanic and White students (35 points), and between African American and White students (25 points).

Since 2013, the passing rate has increased amongst all racial/ethnic groups in Westchester County. The largest increase was amongst African American and Hispanic students (22 and 17 points, respectively).

Why do these disparities exist?

There are a variety of factors believed to contribute to disparities in test scores and other measures of student achievement. School systems in the United States are highly segregated, and students of color disproportionately attend schools with high proportions of low-income students who may not have benefited from early learning opportunities at the same rate as other students. Schools also have different levels of resources ranging from qualified/experienced teachers to advanced courses to facilities and technology, and schools with large Black and Latino populations often have lower levels. In addition, teachers across all school systems tend to be disproportionately white, and teaching practices and curriculum may not be culturally relevant to students of color.

Notes about the data

Subgroup data is not published for small groups (fewer than six students) in order to protect the confidentiality of students.

Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2023
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County75%41%36%69%
Nassau County75%49%41%66%
Putnam County63%30%34%55%
Rockland County60%33%23%64%
New York State65%38%34%50%
Westchester County School Districts
Ardsley Union Free School District80%67%50%64%
Briarcliff Manor Union Free School District90%69%82%
Bronxville Union Free School District100%92%78%
Byram Hills Central School District87%60%80%
Chappaqua Central School District95%65%79%
Croton-Harmon Union Free School District86%18%59%
Eastchester Union Free School District70%50%63%
Edgemont Union Free School District91%85%91%
Hastings-on-Hudson Union Free School District64%64%89%
Hendrick Hudson Central School District100%50%32%62%
Irvington Union Free School District75%62%77%
Lakeland Central School District52%50%47%63%
Mamaroneck Union Free School District67%33%48%80%
Bedford Central School District57%88%24%64%
Mount Vernon City School District45%40%40%29%
Ossining Union Free School District50%21%27%53%
Pelham Union Free School District75%71%70%83%
Pocantico Hills Central School District100%29%25%70%
Blind Brook-Rye Union Free School District71%67%75%
Rye City School District79%33%83%84%
Rye Neck Union Free School District67%62%76%
Scarsdale Union Free School District93%43%97%85%
Valhalla Union Free School District50%14%33%61%
White Plains City School District48%38%28%63%
Yonkers City School District61%38%35%50%
Yorktown Central School District92%33%84%72%
Dobbs Ferry Union Free School District85%50%44%76%
Harrison Central School District55%54%63%
Port Chester-Rye Union Free School District25%71%18%39%
Somers Central School District78%45%55%
Greenburgh Central School District85%47%35%20%
New Rochelle City School District50%46%31%58%
The Tarrytowns Union Free School District100%44%25%66%
Tuckahoe Union Free School District67%14%50%76%
Katonah-Lewisboro Union Free School District83%66%70%
Elmsford Union Free School District67%20%31%56%
Pleasantville Union Free School District100%57%79%
Mount Pleasant Central School District88%33%46%
Peekskill City School District36%19%69%
North Salem Central School District33%54%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Number of Students Passing Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2023
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County5333881,2372,756
Nassau County1,8425381,3672,708
Putnam County5986249
Rockland County12286281454
New York State11,4359,06415,53331,650
Westchester County School Districts
Ardsley Union Free School District3941254
Briarcliff Manor Union Free School District91147
Bronxville Union Free School District101175
Byram Hills Central School District136115
Chappaqua Central School District4015131
Croton-Harmon Union Free School District12248
Eastchester Union Free School District331286
Edgemont Union Free School District481151
Hastings-on-Hudson Union Free School District7963
Hendrick Hudson Central School District631436
Irvington Union Free School District91377
Lakeland Central School District111440114
Mamaroneck Union Free School District4234233
Bedford Central School District472488
Mount Vernon City School District5110537
Ossining Union Free School District346127
Pelham Union Free School District953197
Pocantico Hills Central School District6237
Blind Brook-Rye Union Free School District5649
Rye City School District15215131
Rye Neck Union Free School District81344
Scarsdale Union Free School District89332166
Valhalla Union Free School District611031
White Plains City School District11167071
Yonkers City School District36102346118
Yorktown Central School District11226134
Dobbs Ferry Union Free School District113868
Harrison Central School District2325103
Port Chester-Rye Union Free School District25479
Somers Central School District7965
Greenburgh Central School District1115192
New Rochelle City School District16429795
The Tarrytowns Union Free School District842539
Tuckahoe Union Free School District41739
Katonah-Lewisboro Union Free School District52581
Elmsford Union Free School District64125
Pleasantville Union Free School District61368
Mount Pleasant Central School District7653
Peekskill City School District123711
North Salem Central School District527

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care 0
Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Single Female-Headed Households -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate -1
Decreasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Reported Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles 0
Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone -1
Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs 1
Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Income in Relation to Poverty Level 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Seniors Living in Poverty 1
Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 0
Maintaining
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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