Education
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: New York State Education Department

What does this measure?

The percent of students tested who met or exceeded the state standard on the NYS Grade 3 English exam, broken down by students' race or ethnicity. Student performance is scored from level 1 to 4. The state standard is met by scoring at level 3 or 4 and is considered passing.

Why is this important?

Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.

How is Westchester County performing?

In 2019, passing rates in Westchester County were higher for Asian and white students (83% and 75%, respectively) than for Hispanic and African American students (both at 43%). Rates for both Asian and white students in Westchester were higher than the state rates of 71% and 58% respectively while the rates for Hispanic and African American students were comparable.

The gap between African American and Hispanic student passing rates compared to white rates was larger in Westchester than in the state and similar counties. Westchester's 32-point gap between African American and white student passing rates was slightly higher than Rockland County's 29-point gap and significantly higher than the state's 13-point gap, Putnam's 14-point gap, and Nassau's 19-point gap. Similarly, the 32-point gap between Hispanic and white students in Westchester was close to the 34-point gap in Rockland County, but higher than the state's 15-point gap, Putnam's 21-point gap, and Nassau's 24-point gap.

Gaps were lower in larger districts such as Yonkers City School District with an 18-point gap between Hispanic and white students and a 20-point gap between African American and white students. White Plains City School District had a larger gap between Hispanic and white students (42 points) and a similar gap between African American and white students (33 points).

We note that a substantial number of students did not take state exams in 2019 due to parent concerns about testing in schools. In Westchester in 2019, 13% of 3rd-8th graders in the region opted not to take the English exam - a lower rate than the opt out rates in Nassau (38%), Putnam (31%), and Rockland (28%).

Why do these disparities exist?

There are a variety of factors believed to contribute to disparities in test scores and other measures of student achievement. School systems in the United States are highly segregated, and students of color disproportionately attend schools with high proportions of low-income students who may not have benefited from early learning opportunities at the same rate as other students. Schools also have different levels of resources ranging from qualified/experienced teachers to advanced courses to facilities and technology, and schools with large Black and Latino populations often have lower levels. In addition, teachers across all school systems tend to be disproportionately white, and teaching practices and curriculum may not be culturally relevant to students of color.

Notes about the data

Results are presented for 2019 because tests were not given in 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic and in 2021, only 40% of students took exams (for more information, see the state's website).

Subgroup data is not published for small groups (fewer than six students) in order to protect the confidentiality of students.

Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County83%43%43%75%
Nassau County79%55%50%74%
Putnam County76%48%41%62%
Rockland County76%41%36%70%
New York State71%45%43%58%
Westchester County School Districts
Ardsley Union Free School District79%50%79%71%
Briarcliff Manor Union Free School District93%73%68%
Bronxville Union Free School District88%77%93%
Byram Hills Central School District100%82%70%
Chappaqua Central School District95%80%86%
Croton-Harmon Union Free School District86%26%65%
Eastchester Union Free School District83%74%80%
Edgemont Union Free School District93%69%89%
Hastings-on-Hudson Union Free School District64%59%88%
Hendrick Hudson Central School District38%29%48%73%
Irvington Union Free School District73%81%77%
Lakeland Central School District63%61%45%64%
Mamaroneck Union Free School District79%53%52%82%
Bedford Central School District67%89%36%72%
Mount Vernon City School District56%38%50%56%
Ossining Union Free School District82%47%43%70%
Pelham Union Free School District67%42%66%84%
Pocantico Hills Central School District100%29%57%84%
Blind Brook-Rye Union Free School District92%93%75%
Rye City School District86%33%71%85%
Rye Neck Union Free School District67%41%84%
Scarsdale Union Free School District95%43%84%90%
Valhalla Union Free School District78%38%39%56%
White Plains City School District73%45%36%78%
Yonkers City School District75%32%34%53%
Yorktown Central School District73%67%62%72%
Dobbs Ferry Union Free School District100%38%73%
Harrison Central School District74%62%64%
Port Chester-Rye Union Free School District25%71%36%63%
Somers Central School District78%50%68%
Greenburgh Central School District85%59%58%69%
New Rochelle City School District75%57%42%70%
The Tarrytowns Union Free School District100%44%49%82%
Tuckahoe Union Free School District83%29%100%64%
Katonah-Lewisboro Union Free School District83%67%84%
Elmsford Union Free School District75%57%25%36%
Pleasantville Union Free School District88%75%90%
Peekskill City School District38%36%56%
Mount Pleasant Central School District61%70%
North Salem Central School District50%65%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Number of Students Passing Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Westchester County6194771,5253,135
Nassau County1,5597401,5172,992
Putnam County1610102305
Rockland County152121361519
New York State12,54213,39221,57238,958
Westchester County School Districts
Ardsley Union Free School District2641561
Briarcliff Manor Union Free School District13843
Bronxville Union Free School District71082
Byram Hills Central School District9986
Chappaqua Central School District4212168
Croton-Harmon Union Free School District12551
Eastchester Union Free School District4020126
Edgemont Union Free School District51947
Hastings-on-Hudson Union Free School District71069
Hendrick Hudson Central School District322057
Irvington Union Free School District81368
Lakeland Central School District121133102
Mamaroneck Union Free School District11954243
Bedford Central School District483883
Mount Vernon City School District91579715
Ossining Union Free School District998042
Pelham Union Free School District6525110
Pocantico Hills Central School District62416
Blind Brook-Rye Union Free School District121357
Rye City School District1825156
Rye Neck Union Free School District4954
Scarsdale Union Free School District81321187
Valhalla Union Free School District731228
White Plains City School District112510578
Yonkers City School District7298383166
Yorktown Central School District11426124
Dobbs Ferry Union Free School District81054
Harrison Central School District232896
Port Chester-Rye Union Free School District259224
Somers Central School District71278
Greenburgh Central School District1123309
New Rochelle City School District2457119128
The Tarrytowns Union Free School District845153
Tuckahoe Union Free School District102646
Katonah-Lewisboro Union Free School District510140
Elmsford Union Free School District68104
Pleasantville Union Free School District7976
Peekskill City School District10589
Mount Pleasant Central School District1472
North Salem Central School District828

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.








INDICATORS TREND | WESTCHESTER
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0
Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 -1
Decreasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Single Female-Headed Households 0
Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0
Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 1
Increasing
Serious Crimes -1
Decreasing
Victims of Domestic Violence -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households With Internet Access, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households without Vehicles -1
Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Air Quality 1
Increasing
Population Density 0
Maintaining
Water Quality of the Long Island Sound 1
Increasing
Open Space in Westchester County 1
Increasing
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Change in Population, by Age -1
Decreasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs -1
Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty 0
Maintaining
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Food Insecurity -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP, by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Public Assistance 0
Maintaining
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income 1
Increasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households -1
Decreasing
Homelessness, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Homelessness, by Sex 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Student Spending 0
Maintaining
Student Suspensions -1
Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Admission Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
College Enrollment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
People Without Health Insurance -1
Decreasing
Mortality Rate, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Mortality Rate from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Diabetes Mortality, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Suicide Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*


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